The primary function of our immune system is to protect us against infections, and other harmful substances such as toxins, pollutants, and irritants.
The immune system of the body develops according to the external environmental factors you are exposed to and your genetics. The early immune response is largely dependent on the transfer of the antibodies from the mother to the baby until the infant is strong enough to develop their own immune response.
Autoimmunity refers to an abnormal response of the immune system, which occurs when the immune cells mistakenly attack and damage the body’s own tissues. This abnormal response is the result of the failure of the immune system to recognize the body’s tissues as its own.
So, the immune cells consider the healthy tissues as foreign bodies that must be destroyed.
Hence, it stimulates an immune response that is similar to the one that is triggered for fighting infections or toxins.
However, this form of response against the body’s own cells results in the destruction of these tissues.
For example; when the immune cells consider the thyroid tissues as foreign bodies, they may attack and destroy the gland due to which patients may develop Hashimoto’s disease.
Similarly, rheumatoid arthritis develops when the immune cells attack and destroy the healthy tissues of the bones and joints considering them to be harmful to the body.
Some other examples of autoimmune disorders include lupus, type 1 diabetes, coeliac disease, scleroderma, Graves disease, multiple sclerosis etc.
The treatment of autoimmune disorders should be aimed at identifying the factors that trigger the immune system causing it to mount such as abnormal response against the healthy organs.
Read on to find the top 10 common causes of such an abnormal immune response and the right ways to avoid them in order to prevent the development and slow down the progress of autoimmune disorders.